Wednesday, 1 June 2016

Bayesian networks for Cost, Benefit and Risk Analysis of Agricultural Development Projects


Successful implementation of major projects requires careful management of uncertainty and risk. Yet, uncertainty is rarely effectively calculated when analysing project costs and benefits. In the case of major agricultural and other development projects in Africa this challenge is especially important.

A paper just published* in the journal Experts Systems with Applications presents a Bayesian network (BN) modelling framework to calculate the costs, benefits, and return on investment of a project over a specified time period, allowing for changing circumstances and trade-offs. Marianne Gadeberg and Eike Luedeling have written an overview of the work here.

The framework uses hybrid and dynamic BNs containing both discrete and continuous variables over multiple time stages. The BN framework calculates costs and benefits based on multiple causal factors including the effects of individual risk factors, budget deficits, and time value discounting, taking account of the parameter uncertainty of all continuous variables. The framework can serve as the basis for various project management assessments and is illustrated using a case study of an agricultural development project. The work was a collaboration between the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya, the Risk Information Management Group at Queen Mary (as part of the BAYES-KNOWLEDGE project) and Agena Ltd.

*The full reference is:
Yet, B., Constantinou, A., Fenton, N., Neil, M., Luedeling, E., & Shepherd, K. (2016). "A Bayesian Network Framework for Project Cost, Benefit and Risk Analysis with an Agricultural Development Case Study" . Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 60, 30 October 2016, Pages 141–155. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2016.05.005
Until July 2016 the full published pdf is available for free.  A permanent pre-publication pdf is available here.

See also: Can we build a better project: assessing complexities in development projects

Acknowledgements: Part of this work was performed under the auspices of EU project ERC-2013-AdG339182-BAYES_KNOWLEDGE and part under ICRAF Contract No SD4/2012/214 issued to Agena. We acknowledge support from the Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

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